Celebrating President Woodrow Wilson’s 160th Birthday

Woodrow Wilson

On December 28, 1856, Thomas Woodrow Wilson was the third child and first boy born to a Presbyterian minister and English mother. Though he was delivered at home in the Presbyterian Manse on North Coalter Street in Staunton, Virginia, “Tommy” lived in Virginia less than a year before his family moved to Augusta, Georgia.

On December 28, 2016, you’re invited to honor and celebrate the life and legacy of President Woodrow Wilson at the Woodrow Wilson Presidential Library and Museum in Staunton, Virginia. The 160th birthday celebration will include special guests, free admission, light refreshments, delightful entertainment, and activities for children.

“Schoolmaster in Politics”

Wilson was a well educated man who attended what is now Princeton University, the University of Virginia School of Law, and Johns Hopkins University. His career was in academia and he eventually found himself President of Princeton University (1902). Leadership suited him and he became the Governor of New Jersey (1910) before serving two terms as the 28th President of the United State of America (1913-1921).

The road was not easy for Wilson, a progressive reformer. For example, “When the trustees of Princeton tapped Wilson as the new president of the university in 1902, they expected reform not revolution.”1 Though he may have rocked the boat a bit, Wilson pushed for peace more often than not. His most notable peace efforts surrounded the Great War (World War I). His initial position kept the United States neutral in the war until Germany’s repeated U-boat attacks in the Atlantic forced a stand. Wilson wrote his “14 Points” to peace, which led to the Treaty of Versailles and the establishment of the League of Nations, a forerunner to the United Nations.2

Wilson’s efforts to put peace first won him the Nobel Peace Prize in 1920. Wilson died February 3, 1924.

Significant moments under the Wilson Presidency

  • Ratification of the 17th (popular election of U.S. Senators), 18th (Prohibition), and 19th (women’s right to vote) Amendments to the Constitution
  • Completion and opening of the Panama Canal
  • Establishment of the Federal Reserve Act, the Federal Trade Commission, and the National Park Service
  • Recognition of Mother’s Day as the second Sunday of May
  • First transcontinental phone call between Alexander Graham Bell and Dr. Thomas A. Watson
  • Appointment of the first Jewish Supreme Court Justice
  • First woman elected to the House of Representatives
  • Declaration of war on Germany on April 6, 1917
  • Creation of Treaty of Versaille and League of Nations

To better understand Wilson’s presidential and post-presidential life, visit the Woodrow Wilson Presidential Library and Museum in Staunton. You’ll find engaging exhibits and Wilson’s restored 1919 Pierce-Arrow Limousine.

Upcoming Events at the Library

1. http://millercenter.org/president/biography/wilson-life-before-the-presidency 
2. http://www.unog.ch/80256EDD006B8954/(httpAssets)/3DA94AAFEB9E8E76C1256F340047BB52/$file/sdn_chronology.pdf